In web hosting there are two major types are available. They are:
- Windows hosting
- Linux hosting
From UNIX, the linux operating system is derived. The main advantages of UNIX or Linux operating system is: its open source and free to use and also most scripting languages are supported by Linux. Linux got better permission Management and Directory Security. It also support popular content management systems like WordPress, Drupal. Joomla , Vanilla are well working with Linux over Windows. And database support for Linux Includes MySQL and Postgres SQL. Linux is on the other hand Case Sensitive. Linux hosting provides cpanel, we can configure our site in cpanel.
Standard Features of Linux Hosting
- cPanel/WHM Web Control Panel Integration.
- Supports large variety of Linux OS such as Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, Fedora, FreeBSD etc.
- Full Root Access.
- Supports Apache Web Server, Litespeed, MySQL, PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby on Rails, FFMpeg.
- Server Protection with IP Tables Firewall.
In web hosting they are many advantages and disadvantages over Linux. Windows is the property OS of Microsoft.
The main scripting language supported by Windows are ASP and ASP.net , both are good for applications but lacks wide community support and patches like PHP , again CMS es like WordPress are not well available for ASP variants.
Windows Hosting Advantage:
- Tons of Useful Features: Depending on the server plan, Windows hosting packages are rich in great features.
- Regular Software Updates:Microsoft updates its operating systems and other software programs on a regular basis.
- Highly Compatible: It is also compatible with a variety of open-source technologies, including Apache, PHP, and MySQL, which are typically found on Linux and other Unix-based servers
What is the difference between Linux and Windows hosting?
The windows and Linux are two different types of operating systems. Basically, we can say that the Linux hosting is more secure and more efficent than windows. One other difference is that Linux files are case-sensitive and Windows files are not. Both Linux and Windows offer the FTP access, but only Linux offer Telnet and SSH (secure Shell) access. The Telnet and SSH are used for manipulating files in the server. Windows support ASP, ASP.net ,C# , PHP,MSSQL ,MySQL etc. And Linux supports PHP, MySQL, Pearl, Ruby etc.
|Development Tool||Linux Hosting||Windows hosting|
|Dreamweaver or other WYSIWYG apps||✓||–|
|WordPress® or other Web apps||✓||–|
|ASP, ASP.NET, MS SQL||–||✓|
|PHP, MySQL, CGI, Python, or Perl||✓||–|
|ASP, ASP.NET and PHP, MySQL||–||✓|
Based on security, both hosting platforms are secure. And windows is found to be good in performance when comparing to Linux , but on feature wise Linux is leading
The main difference is the operating system which is responsible for executing scripts and databases. In other words: Linux and Windows are using different script and database languages. So think in advance if you need special Windows script languages. When there’s no need for ASP. VBScript or MSSQL, Linux is the OS of choice. By the way, it doesn’t matter if your computer runs on Windows, because all computers are able to communicate with Linux or Windows servers.
Anyways It’s impossible to make a general recommendation because your choice depends on the requirements of your hosting or website project. But Linux has the advantage of working on 70% of web servers worldwide, so that might be a minor advantage.
Linux also has more of the features web designers expect, so unless you have websites which need specific Windows applications, Linux is the preferred choice.
If anyone has doubts on this topic then please do let me know by leaving comments or send me an email.